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Wood Types

Solid Wood Types

Learn about various types of wood used to make our handcrafted Amish furniture.  All wood is not created equal.  This page is dedicated to covering the various types of wood and common use cases.

Red Oak

The standard wood for our solid wood furniture is Oak. Oak is characterized by its orange reddish hue with the sapwood being white to light brown. The wood has a pronounced opened grain and is very durable with good wear-resistance. The stain absorbs into this open grain pattern becoming darker where the grain is close and lighter where the grain is more open. This is an ideal choice if you desire a warm look.

Oak has a rating of 1290 on the Janka Hardness Scale*.
Closeup of red oak woodgrain.

Brown Maple

Brown Maple is a unique combination of brown, tan, white and cream streaks, and has a more rustic appearance. It is a softer wood so it is more prone to scratches and denting with heavy use. Brown Maple’s naturally soft grain best absorbs medium to dark stains and its smooth surface is ideal for painted finishes. Choosing a lighter colored stain will best showcase the natural range of grain colors in Brown Maple, while a darker stain will blend the grain colors better.

Brown Maple has a rating of 950 on the Janka Hardness Scale*.

Cherry

Cherry wood has a fine satin-smooth texture and a circular grain pattern. The heartwood of cherry varies from a rich red to reddish brown, while the sapwood is creamy-white in contrast. Over time it will darken with exposure to light and heat. The wood may also naturally contain brown pith flecks and small pit pockets. Because it is a softer wood, it is more prone to denting with heavy use. Cherry wood has a natural reddish hue and this warmth is intensified by all of the cherry stains. When stained, this fine grain has a very even-toned finish.

Cherry has a rating of 950 on the Janka Hardness scale*.
Close up of cherry woodgrain.
Close up of hickory woodgrain.

Hickory

Hickory has a contrasting reddish and cream color graining and it is a beautiful wood for furniture. It has a medium grain that gives an earthy feel with a smooth look. It is also the strongest wood type that we offer. Every wood is prone to natural elements such as humidity. Each wood will swell and contrast due to humidity but hickory will do it the most. Hickory moves roughly a ¼” per foot just due to humidity changes. With hickory, you will need to be more mindful on changes in humidity. Most modern homes are equipped with a humidifier and dehumidifier built into the AC system but we always recommend picking up a hydrometer.

Hickory has a rating of 1820 on the Janka Hardness Scale*.

Black Walnut

Walnut is of one the woods that will vary the most in regards to colors. We currently do not list walnut as an option and for the better part do not promote walnut either. Walnut is the most expensive wood we offer. Walnut can be anywhere from 40% to 90% extra over oak. If the piece you were interested in is $1000 is oak, it could cost anywhere $1400 to $1900 in walnut. Walnut’s grain is typically straight but can vary.

Walnut has a rating of 1010 on the Janka Hardness Scale*.
Closeup of black walnut woodgrain.
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